Istanbul History, Istanbul Empires
Istanbul History, Istanbul Empires, What is now called Asian Istanbul, it was presumably inhabited by people as early as 3000 BC. Finally, in the 7th century, Greek colonists led by King Byzas organized the colony of Byzantium, the Greek name for a port on the Bosphorus.Byzas decided the spot after discussing an Oracle of Delphi, who told him to settle over from the “land of the blind ones.” Indeed, Byzas decided, earlier settlers must have been deprived of their sight to have missed this superb location at the sound of the Bosphorus strait. This proved a favorable decision by Byzas, as history has shown Istanbul’s location important far beyond what these early Greek settlers might have conceived. Byzas gave Byzantium name to the city.
In the early 100’s BC, it became part of the Roman Empire and in 306 AD, Emperor Constantine the Great established Byzantium capital of the Eastern Roman Empire. Since then, the city was known as Constantinople.
Hagia Sophia church made in 6th centuryThe mid 400’s AD was a time of tremendous upheaval in the empire. Barbarians captured the Western Roman Empire while the Eastern also invited the Byzantine Empire, kept Constantinople as its capital. In 532 during the rule of Justinian I, antigovernment protests destroyed the city. It was restored, and unusual structures such as Hagia Sophia stand as memorials to the heights Byzantine culture arrived.
The quality that made the city so desirable, its unique location for trade and carrier between three continents, was also its nemesis. For the next numerous hundred years Arabs, Persians, nomads, and members of the Fourth Crusade (who for a time ruled the city) attacked Constantinople.
Finally, in 1453, when Constantinople was so decreased by almost constant attacks and battles, the Ottoman Turks managed by Sultan Mehmet II were able to capture the city. Renamed Istanbul, it became the third and last capital of the Ottoman Empire. It was the resolution center for military campaigns that were to enlarge the Ottoman Empire dramatically. By the mid-1500’s, Istanbul, with a community of almost half a million, was a major cultural, political, and commercial center. Ottoman rule continued until it was destroyed in WWI and Istanbul was occupied by the allies.
During the Republic of Turkey was born in 1923 after the War of Independence, Kemal Ataturk transferred the capital to the city of Ankara. The city of Istanbul has remained to expand dramatically and today its population is over 14 million and grows at an estimated 700,000 immigrants per year. The Industry has become even as tourism has grown. It extends to be a city that creates its history at the meeting point of the two continents; Europe and Asia.
Some of the attractive districts of the city are: Sultanahmet, Haydarpasa, Uskudar, Eyup, Galata, Pera, Ortaköy, Taksim, Eminönü, Fatih, Balat, and The Bosphorus. Princess Islands are a popular summer resort for local people.